Madeira: Walking with Water

The high peaks of Madeira from the Levada de Serra

DRIVING through pre-dawn Madeira is like driving through pre-dawn Spain. The roads are quiet; the villages are dark; but in every main street there is a bar where men gather to drink coffee in pools of yellow light before the day’s work begins. I hear their laughter as I pass and catch glimpses of them in their ubiquitous stripy T-shirts. And the aroma of coffee drifts through the car window as I head towards the mountains . . .

In Ribeira Brava, where my road veers up towards the sky, I stop at a petrol station. More yellow light spills out into a world that is only just turning grey in the east. There are more men in stripy T-shirts drinking coffee. This is Madeira coming to life – people standing at roadsides waiting for lifts; schoolchildren gathering beneath lamp-posts; old women carrying sacks from one door to another.

As I drive up a zigzag road from Serra de Agua, out of the great gorge that almost cuts the island in two, the mountain ridges turn from black to shades of grey and blue, and rise before me like the spines of ancient animals. God, what an incredible place this is.

Levadas – I mentioned them briefly in my previous post. Levadas are manmade channels that gather streams from the wetter northern side of the island and divert the water along high terraces to the southern side, providing irrigation and hydroelectric power. Today I’m going levada walking. Do not assume that this is the sissy option. Some levadas have been hacked across the faces of sheer crags thousands of feet above the valley floor; many twist through tunnels hundreds of feet long; most have exposed sections not suitable for vertigo sufferers; all run through the most exquisite and spectacular scenery imaginable.

I leave the car at a cafe on the crest of the Boca da Encumeada pass, which is where I parked for my inaugural venture into the mountains. But instead of heading east along the island’s backbone, I’m heading west with the sun.

The start of the Levada do Norte

I include this image not because of its artistic merit – of which it possesses little – but because it illustrates the kindred spirits of European nations and their cultural links. Every levada lay-by, in common with almost every British roadside lay-by, has its pile of chippings

My plan is to follow a route from Paddy Dillon’s Walking in Madeira (Cicerone) several miles along the Levada do Norte, climb 1,600ft up winding tracks to just below the crest of the Paul de Serra plateau, return along the Levada de Serra and drop down to the road.

When I say “drop down to the road”, I do so with a degree of optimism. To give you an idea of the topography around here, just imagine the Grand Canyon cloaked in green shrubs. The Levada do Norte and Levada de Serra cut across the canyon walls at the halfway mark and just beneath the crest respectively. Using the Grand Canyon as an example might be over-dramatising things somewhat – but everything is relative. Paddy adds to the drama with this remark in his book:

The road seems far below and you may wonder how to reach it.

I was rather banking on him getting me down in one piece, but there you go. This is an island of vertical craggy things, and if he’s taking me up through them, let’s hope he can get me down again.

The Levada do Norte commences at Boca da Encumeada. Just beneath the crest of the pass is a bar. Men in stripy T-shirts are standing outside in the blossoming day talking about trucks. I can’t speak Portuguese so don’t ask me how I know this. I just do. It’s a man thing.

The Levada do Norte twists around a few bends through banks of hydrangeas and colourful lilies then dives into the heart of the mountain. It goes for it in a big way. It says “sod this for a game of colonial soldiers” and drags the unsuspecting walker through a narrow tunnel more than half a kilometre long. It’s an interesting experience and an adventure too.

Have you ever been on a canal holiday and chugged through one of those tunnels that has a towpath running along the wall? Well a levada tunnel is similar, only the path can narrow to as little as a foot wide in places, the roof is seldom high enough for a tall man to walk upright, a torch is a necessity and visibility is often poor because of water vapour. On the upside, if you tumble in the levada they are only a couple of feet deep at the very most, and the water is as clean as anything that comes from a tap. And there’s nothing that’s going to eat you.

Can you see the light at the end of the tunnel?

Disorientated Englishman emerges from tunnel looking suitably bemused

I emerge from the tunnel into the gathering daylight and gaze upon forests that fall away beneath my feet to a valley far below. The levada, built into the volcanic rock of a cliff that is sheer in places though shrouded in vegetation, continues onwards, hugging the contour. This is mountain walking with very little effort. I could grow to like it.

The second tunnel, which follows shortly after, is nearly a kilometre long. It takes me eleven minutes to plod from one end to the other. There are six tunnels altogether, although a couple are so short I don’t need to flick on my Petzl headlamp. What the Levada do Norte also has in abundance is spectacular scenery – yawning chasms only a few inches beyond my right boot nearly all the way along and magnificent waterfalls cascading down the cliffs to my left.

Curiously, there is little sense of exposure on these open sections. The drops to the right are masked, for the most part, by shrubs growing from the side of the levada, which enhance the sense of security no end. Safety wires have been installed on the bare bits. Only the foolhardy and drunks can come to serious harm.

On the skyline is the rocky dome of Pináculo, viewed from the Levada do Norte. The higher Levada de Serra passes through the hollow behind Pináculo

After several miles, in a sunny glade where a stony track crosses the waterway at a levada-keeper’s cottage (ideal job, or what?), I partake of a spot of lunch that consists of chorizo, cheese, tomatoes and fresh bread, all of which I carve up with a sharp knife borrowed from the holiday cottage. This looks to me like a Portuguese lunch and I’m pretty pleased with it. No coffee or wine though.

The return through forests of stunted trees and along the high-level Levada de Serra is every bit as enjoyable and spectacular. Paddy boy’s route description, despite my earlier misgivings, proves to be almost spot on. I say “almost” because of the following statement:

Little streams and drips from the cliff are gathered and flow downstream.

No mention of the three waterfalls that thunder on my head and shoulders – and it’s not as if I can skirt around them. But, really, that’s all part of the experience – dark tunnels; gently-moving streams; blue skies; impenetrable forests; exotic plants; mountain breezes; darting lizards; lonely paths; plunging chasms; and waterfalls. That’s what levada walking is about.

The Levada de Serra

The Levada de Serra approaches the rocky dome of Pináculo

An early shower for a German hiker. ‘Very refreshing,’ he says with a startled smile as he passes me

View from the Levada de Serra

‘The road seems far below and you may wonder how to reach it,’ says Paddy Dillon in his guidebook. Correct

The way down

This might look like any old natural waterfall, but it’s the Levada de Serra taking a shortcut down to the road where it disappears rather ignobly into a plastic pipe

Madeira’s majestic mountains

Once down on the road, there are three more tunnels on the slog back to Boca de Encumeada

And at the end of the day, having dropped down snaking paths through heather and furze to the winding road hundreds of feet below, I plod back to the cafe at Boca da Encumeada and sit in the sun with sweat on my brow and dust on my boots, drinking coffee and waiting for the night. All I need for the perfect end to a perfect day is a quick shower and a stripy T-shirt.

About McFadzean

Alen McFadzean, journalist, formerly of the Northern Echo, in Darlington, and the North-West Evening Mail, Barrow. Former shipyard electrician. Former quarryman and tunneller. Climbs mountains and runs long distances to make life harder. Gravitates to the left in politics just to make life harder still. Now lives in Orgiva, Spain.
This entry was posted in Climbing, Environment, Hiking, History, Industrial archaeology, Levadas, Mountains, Walking and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

10 Responses to Madeira: Walking with Water

  1. Helen War says:

    The waterfall over the German guy! Magic!!


    • McEff says:

      He took it in good spirits, Helen, which made me chuckle. I’d have chuckled more if I hadn’t had to go through it myself. But like he said, it was “very refreshing”.


  2. alan.sloman says:

    This blog reading is going to be quite expensive. There’s the Greenland trip I have just finished reading and now this one. Sunshine & Vertigo, or Glaciers & Mosquitoes…

    I think I’ll plump for the Vertigo and Vino Collapso.


  3. David says:

    I had never even considered Madeira as a walking destination, don’t know why. It sounds a great place though and the landscape looks wonderful. There cannot be many walks where you get a waterfall shower thrown in along the route either.


    • McEff says:

      It’s a great place, David. I hadn’t considered it either until a few months ago when we were looking round for somewhere to go. I was mightily impressed and I would certainly go back for another bash. I enjoyed the deer video, by the way. None of them on Madeira, though.


  4. jcmurray1 says:

    Is it possible to get home sick for a places you’ve only visited twice? As for people you see along the road, for us it was the two old ladies, (and I mean seriously old), with two great sacks of grapes balanced on their heads who stopped to have a chat to each other. Nothing unusual except that they never took the sacks from their heads, just stood there passing the time of day! Gave me a sore back watching them!……J


    • McEff says:

      That’s amazing. It’s a different world. We saw people picking grapes and filling buckets, but they were just stacking them at the roadside. It still looked like hard and dusty work though.


  5. Hi there! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone 3gs!

    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to
    all your posts! Carry on the superb work!


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